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SCDMDG presents:

Leveraging ADME Data In Metabolites In Safety Testing (MIST)
Dr. Scott Obach, PhD
Senior Research Fellow
Pfizer, Inc.

Groton, Connecticut

Considerable attention has been recently focused on the potential role of human drug metabolites in drug safety, and how to provide a risk assessment for these molecules using preclinical safety models. However, an analysis of drugs withdrawn from the market over the past 20+ years due to unacceptable safety issues suggests that the instances of the “toxic metabolite” as culprit are exaggerated. Even in those instances when it was likely that a metabolite was involved in toxicity, it was the case that the metabolite was generated in abundance in animal species used in safety evaluations of the parent drug. Data from standard definitive ADME studies that utilize radiolabelled drugs can be leveraged to establish the types of metabolite exposures seen in humans and animals. However, the manner in which these data are gathered lead scientists to make assignments regarding which metabolites are “major” based on the percentage that the metabolite comprises of total circulating drug-related material or percentage of dose in excreta. This thinking regarding metabolites as “percentages of the whole” has formed the basis of proposed decision criteria regarding the importance of metabolites in both a PhRMA white paper on the topic as well as draft guidance from the US FDA (Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 182: 188, 2002 and http://www.fda.gov/cder/guidance/6366dft.htm). However, it is imperative that such percentage-based data be converted to absolute quantities/concentrations prior to making decisions regarding whether a metabolite needs to undergo additional safety evaluation. This would ensure that metabolites across drugs of varying doses and across species that received varying doses of an individual drug are compared appropriately and is consistent with the well-accepted notion that “The dose makes the poison” (Paracelsus). These concepts will be discussed and a proposal put forth as to how to handle the issue of drug Metabolites in Safety Testing (MIST).

Scott Obach is currently a Senior Research Fellow in the Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Drug Metabolism Department at Pfizer, Inc., in Groton, Connecticut, where he has been for 15 years. He holds B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in biochemistry from the State University of New York at Binghamton and Brandeis University, respectively. His research interests include the use of enzyme kinetic data in drug metabolism research, the prediction of human pharmacokinetic attributes of drugs, and chemical mechanisms of drug metabolism and bioactivation.

Date: Wednesday, April 18, 2007 – 5:00 p.m. (Buffet), 7:00 p.m. (Presentation)
Location: Salk Institute, Frederic de Hoffmann Auditorium
Price: $15 Advance Registration, $15 At the Door (includes buffet dinner and soft drinks/beer/wine)

Space is Limited — Register Early to Guarantee Your Attendance!


Prior presentations:

Speaker Topic Date
Dr. Sidney Nelson, PhD Drug Metabolism and Chemical Structural Alerts September 27, 2006
Richard B. Kim, MD Relevance and Utility of Transporters to Drug Discovery and Development September 21, 2005
Dr. Frederick P. Guengerich, Ph.D. Human Cytochrome P450 2A6 as a Case History:  Flavors, Smoke, Blue Roses, New Drugs & Basics of a P450 April 27, 2005
Dr. Leslie Benet, Ph.D. Predicting Drug Disposition via Application of BCS: Transport/Absorption/Elimination Interplay and BDDCS September 29, 2004
Dr. Christopher A. Lipinski, Ph.D. ADME/Tox: How Low Can You Go And How Do You Recover? April 21, 2004


SCDMDG gratefully acknowledges sponsorship by:

Bruker Ricerca Pfizer
Cerep Celsis - Invitrotech Cellz Direct
Microconstants Applied Biosystems Hitachi

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